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Problemata Aristotelis cum dpulici (sic) translatione antiqua & nova, s. Theodori Gaze: cum expositione Petri Aponi. Tabula secundum magistrum Petrium de Tussignano per alphabetum.
- Problemata Alexandri Aphrodisei. Problemata Plutarchi, cum gratia. - Venetiis, Per Bonetum Locatellum, 1501, Folio (304 x 210 mm), (22), 296 fl. double colum, gothic letters, woodcut initials, printer device, fine full leather binding. A broad marginated, clean and well preserved copy of this beautifully volume, printed on strong paper. - The greatest scientific name after Hippocrates is that of Aristotle (384-322 B.C.), who gave the medicine the beginnings of botany, zoology, comparative anatomy, embryology, teratology and physiology, and use of formal logic as an instrument of precision. Aristotle, a pupil of Plato, and at one time tutor to Alexander the Great, had a profound influence in determining the direction of medical and biological thought; perhaps no other man has so dominated and advanced science as a whole.The Aristotelian Problemata enjoyed considerable popularity in the Middle Ages, especially its book IV, dealing with sexual intercourse and generation, which adapted in such manner that it became a kind of pornographic publication. - Petrus de Abano (1250-1315?) was one of the most illustrious and influential men of his time and probably the most influential medical writer of the later middle age. A native of Apano near Padua (from which he takes his name), he took his degree in Paris and his cures were so remarkable that he was able to obtain the highest fees of any physicians of his time. He was called the Consiliator because of his remarkable book published during his residence in the Paris University. He was consulted by such man as Pope Honorius IV and was in great demand for lectures, consultation, and teaching. Dante was among his pupils. Abano believed that air has weight, that brain is the source of the nervous system and the heart the source of the blood vessels- novel ideas that were not validated for centuries. He was the first to acquaint the West with the Problemata from Aritotle`s school, to which he wrote the present commentary. For his heretical and outspoken views he was several times accused of heresy. Later he was suspected of magic and persecuted on that account during the Inquisition. Dying before his trial, his body was taken out and burned in the public square. The medical science of the scholastic was a part of the universitas litterarum, the scholastic physicians were philosophers. The methods of thought had been prescribed by Aristotle and the learned man of Arab. - "Petrus spent some time in Constantinople probably before 1293; during his stay found a copy of the Problems of Aristotle.he translated them into Latin for the first time. He began a commentary on these problems while in Paris, and completed it at Padua in 1310.His experience and activity represents a landmark in the history of scientific humanism." -Sarton III, 439 - "Prefatory note by Domenico Massaria. The translatio antiqua of Aristotle is that by Bartholomaeus de Messina, which usually accompanies the commentary by Pietro d'Abano; not the ancient Latin version beginning Omnes hominess.- The Problemata of Alexander of Aphrodisias is in the translation of Giorgio Valla; the Problemata (Quaestiones convivales) of Plutarch in that by Giovanni Petri, edited by Giovanni Calfurnio." -Durling, NLM, no. 286, p. 36; - - Thorndike II, 874-947 + 921; Sarton III/1 pp.439-446; Sigerist, Great doctors, 75-79; Gordon Medial & Renaissance Medicine, pp. 333-337; Brit. Museum Ital. Books (Aristotle), p.55. This edition not in Osler, Wellcome, Cushing, Waller, Adams, etc. RILEY, Aristotle texts and commentaries , in the Univ. of Pennsylvania Library (1961) has only an edition of 1505 (no. 209) [Attributes: Hard Cover]
      [Bookseller: Antiq. F.-D. Söhn - Medicusbooks.Com]
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