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         Hortus Gallicus, pro Gallis in Gallia scriptus, veruntamen non minus Italis, Germanis, & Hispanis, qua[m] Gallis necessarius. ... Including: -Campus Elysius Galliae Amoenitate refertus: in quo sunt medicinæ compositæ, herbæ & plantæ virentes: in quo quicquid apud Indos, Arabes, & Poenos reperitur, ...-Periarchon id est de principiis utriusque philosophiae, ...Lyon, Melchior & Gaspar Trechsel, 1533. 3 parts in 1 volume. 8vo. With 3 title-pages each with the same woodcut device, the woodcut arms of Champier and Terrail (Champier's wife) in mirror image (plus 2 repeats), the Terrail arms at the end, 14 woodcut decorated initials plus 9 repeats, and a vine-leaf ornament. Gold-tooled red goatskin morocco by Hippolyte Duru for Joachim Gomez de la Cortina, Marqués de Morante, each board with Morante's crowned coat of arms and his crowned JGC cipher monogram in each of the four corners and 3 of the 6 spine compartments.

      Allut 39; Baudrier XII, p. 240 ; Durling 934; Cat. lib. Gomez de la Cortina 11755 (this copy); for the binder Duru: Flety, p. 65. First issue of the first and only edition, in the original Latin, of a three related treatises arguing against the European use of the new medicinal plants that were beginning to find their way from the Middle East or "India" to European botanical gardens along with the great Arabic works of medical botany. Symphorien Champier (1471/72-ca. 1539), a humanist physician in Lyons, mixes elements of climate, ethnicity, nationalism and religion to claim that the exotic medicines were often "pernicious and venomous" for Europeans, and he proposes indigenous alternatives to them (God in his wisdom provides each region with the plants it needs). He takes this even to a national level within Europe, based on the differing character and nature of the people of different nations. He was influenced by Brunfels, who had made similar arguments for Germans to use German plants.With an early owner's name on the title-page. Joachim Gomez de la Cortina (1808-1868), a Spanish senator and rector of the University of Madrid, was one of the leading bibliophiles of his day. The elegant binding is signed by Hippolyte Duru (1803-1884) in Paris and dated 1850. With waterstains and browning in the first 2 and last 2 leaves and the foot of 2 leaves in part 2, but otherwise in very good condition. The binding fine, a couple tiny insignificant scuff marks on the edges and a small label removed from the back paste-down. A lovely copy of a fascinating work, reflecting European fears of Arabic medical botany.

      [Bookseller: ASHER Rare Books (Since 1830)]
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         MARCUS TULLIUS CICERO, De officiis libri III cum interpretatione Petri Marsi (Cicero's De officiis with commentary by PIETRO MARSO); decorated manuscript on parchment, in Latin

      INTRIGUING MANUSCRIPT BASED ON TWO EDITIONS OF CICERO'S DE OFFICIIS, COPIED IN THE CIRCLE OF THE EMINENT HUMANISTS WHO FOUNDED THE SORBONNE PRESS IN PARIS. Decorated manuscript on parchment, in Latin, France, likely Paris, certainly after 1471-2, likely between 1481-1491. Dimensions 179 x 118 mm. 149 folios preceded and followed by 2 paper flyleaves, missing 3 leaves (the first leaf of the three books), in brown ink, COPIOUS INTERLINEAR AND MARGINAL COMMENTARY, parchment ruled in light red, rubrics in red with some in blue, paragraph marks in alternating red or blue, some guide letters, numerous 1- TO 3-LINE HIGH INITALS in gold and cardinal red grounds with calligraphic decoration, some capitals touched in yellow, a few marginal annotations in darker brown ink added in the margins of the first leaves added in a later cursive hand. BINDING: Bound in brown calf over pasteboard, rebacked c. 1800, 19th c. marbled paper pastedowns. TEXT: The core text is a copy of Cicero's De officiis (On Duties), in three books, a philosophical and pedagogical treatise on moral goodness and the conflict between right and expediency, written circa 40 B.C. and addressed to his son Marcus. It is enhanced by a copious and profuse marginal and interlinear commentary composed by the Italian humanist Pietro Marso (1443-1512), one of the oldest, yet least known, disciples of Pomponius Leto in Rome. The copy is undoubtedly the refined and erudite work of a French humanist, whose identity has yet to be unveiled. The oddity is that the present manuscript associates elements from two early imprints, one Parisian (1471-1472), one Venetian (1481), alternating and sometimes overlapping. PROVENANCE: Copied and decorated in Paris based on paleographic and decorative elements. Perhaps bound for a Dauphin, such as Henri who held the title of Dauphin between 1536 (death of François, eldest son of François I) to 1547, date of his coronation, but more likely François II (Dauphin 1547-1558). More recently, it was in the collection of Sir Thomas Phillipps (1792-1872) and sold to H.P. Kraus in 1978. CONDITION: Joints and corners restored, some staining to boards, one leaf detached (fol. 104), slight water stain to upper margin of first and last gatherings, not compromising text, else internal fresh condition. Full description and photographs available.

      [Bookseller: Les Enluminures ]
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         Vitae XII Caesarum.

      (Venetiis), Nicolaus Jenson, 1471. in-4, ff. 162 (su 164, mancando gli ultimi 2 ff. bianchi.) senza numeraz. né segnatura, leg. settecentesca p. perg., doppio tass. con titolo oro al dorso. F.1r.: «Versus Ausonii in libros Svetonii.../ Caii Svetonii Tranquilli De Vita. XII./ Caesarum Liber primus Divus Iulius / Caesar incipit foeliciter.»; f. 162 v., secondo colophon: «Hoc ego nicoleos gallus cognomine ienson Impressi...M.CCCC.LXXI.». Una delle migliori produzioni di Jenson, impressa con un raffinato carettere tondo che rese celebre questo stampatore. Terza edizione, decisamente più bella, benché meno rara, delle due impresse a Roma l'anno precedente, di quest'opera della classicità latina. Ottimo esempl. su carta forte, con i passi in greco, lasciati bianchi nel testo, vergati da mano coeva, come pure i capilettera e le chiose aggiunti a penna nei margini dei fogli.. BMC V, 170. Goff S-817; HC 15117*; Proctor 4070. IGI V, 127..

      [Bookseller: Libreria Antiquaria Pregliasco]
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         Les Quatre Livres d' Albert DÜRER, Peinctre & Geometrien Tres excellent, De la Proportion des parties & pourtraicts des corps humains. Traduicts par Loys Meigret Lionnois, de langue Latine en Françoife.

      Les Quatre Livres d' Albert DÜRER, Peinctre & Geometrien Tres excellent, De la Proportion des parties & pourtraicts des corps humains. Traduicts par Loys Meigret Lionnois, de langue Latine en Françoife. DÜRER, ALBERT (1471 - 1528). Paris, Chez Charles Perier à l' enseigne de Bellerophon, 1557. Prima edizione. In - folio, piena pelle ottocentesca. 1 f. bianco (iv), 124 ff. (= 248 pp.), 1 f. bianco, 4 tavole più volte ripiegate n.t.; numerose bellissime figure incise in legno a piena pagina. Esemplare con lievi tracce d' uso nel frontespizio, peraltro ben conservato. Edizione originale della traduzione francese di quest' opera basilare sulla simmetria del corpo umano. Brunet, II, 914. Cicognara, 320. Schlosser Magnino,p. 274.

      [Bookseller: Brighenti libri esauriti e rari]
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         Thevenot, J. de

      Tweede Reizen, In de welken, na verscheidene zeer ongemeene Aanmerkingen wegens Byzonderheden van Egypten, Syrie, Mezopotamie, den Eufrates, en den Tigris, gehandeld word van Persien, en andere Staaten. Uit het Fransch vertaald door G. v. Broekhuizen. Mit koloriertem gestochenen Titel und 14 altkolorierten Kupfertafeln. 7 Blatt, 330 Seiten, 5 Blatt. Pergament der Zeit. Erste holländische Ausgabe. Gedenkwaardige en zeer naauwkeurige Reizen, Bd. II. Tiele 1089. Hünersdorff-H. 1471. - Thévenot, der den Kaffee in Frankreich eingeführt haben soll, reiste über Konstantinopel nach Ägypten, Palästina, Syrien, in den Irak, nach Persien und Indien. Die Kupfer stammen von Jan Luyken. - Unter anderem mit einer Beschreibung der Kaffeehäuser von Damaskus sowie der Eigenschaften von Kaffee. - Einband etwas fleckig. Der gestochene Titel oben bis zum Bildrand beschnitten. Innen nur gelegentlich etwas fleckig. Sauber und gut erhalten. - Account on the travels of J. de Thevenot to Egypt, Palestine, Syria, Iraq, Persia and India, including a decription of Damascene coffee houses and the property of coffee. With 14 coloured copper engravings.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Mertens & Pomplun]
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         Expositio super toto Psalterio.

      Augsburg: Johann Schüssler, 1471. Folio (294 x 213 mm). 134 unnumb. lvs. 35 lines, Gothic type. Modern half vellum, incunable-facsimile paper boards, spine with handwritten title. Very good copy. A rare early Augsburg Incunable. One of Turrecremata's important works on the significance of the Psalms. For a full description and more images please visit: www.zaalbooks.nl .

      [Bookseller: Zaal Books]
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         Commentarium in Valerianum Maximum. [Strasbourg, Adolf Rusch, c. 1471].

      1471. Folio (225 x 306 mm). 371 ff. (instead of 372: wants last blank f.; first blank glued to flyleaf). 36-38 lines. Roman type, 1:103R. Contemp. blindstamped half pigskin over wooden boards on three raised double bands with later giltstamped label to spine. Remains of a clasp (with attractively tooled brass boss on back cover). Only edition; variant with misprinted incipit ("heremitarnm"). Principal work of the Augustinian Dionysius de Robertis (c. 1280-1342) from Borgo San Sepolcro in Tuscany, Bishop of Monopoli in Lower Italy since 1340. The Humanist was a close friend of the younger poets Boccaccio and Petrarca (he even presented the latter with a ms. of St. Augustine's "Confessions"). "He was the first scholar to interpret classical authors at the University of Naples. Of his works written during this period, the only one to survive is his commentary of the 'Facta et dicta memorabilia' of Valerius Maximus, much appreciated by contemporaries and by posterity (some 30 mss., printed in Strasbourg c. 1470)" (cf. A. Zumkeller, in: LMA III, 1088). An abridged German version of the commentary was published in Augsburg in 1489. The collection of historical anecdotes (mainly from Roman history) was assembled by Valerianus Maximus for purposes of rhetorical training and remained popular throughout the Middle Ages. The present edition is a splendid example of the first Roman type used in Germany, introduced by Rusch in 1467 (cf. LGB² VI, 424). The printer is also referred to as "the R-Printer" or the "printer with the bizarre R"; his identity was revealed only by the research of Karl Dziatzko. - Some browning and brownstaining; slight worming near beginning and end. Not rubricated, but with contemporary ms. chapter headings throughout in the upper margins of recto pages; several marginalia by the same hand. Contemp. (erroneous) pagination is discontinued after fol. 202. A broken corner of the back cover has been replaced. Late Gothic blindstamping to pigskin. Presented to the Marlborough Free Public Library in 1910; formerly in the library of Dr. Hannah E. Bigelow of Marlborough, Massachusetts (cf. bookplates on front pastedown). HC 4103* (incorrectly states "369 ff."). Goff D-242. GW 8411. BSB-Ink D 173. BMC I, 63 (IB 629). Pell 3059. Sheppard 224. Proctor 237. Panzer I, 76. Walsh 74-76. Oates 97. Schweiger II, 1114f. ISTC id00242000.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Inlibris]
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         (Breviarium historiae romanae). Incipit Eutropius historiographus e post eum Paulus diaconus de historiis italicae provinciae ac Romanorum. Rome impressus Anno M.cccc.lxxi. die Lune. xx. Mensis Mai (Roma, Georgius Lauer, 1471)

      1471. in - folio (284 x 190mm), ff. 104, legatura di poco posteriore in cuoio su assicelle di legno, 5 piccole borchie su entrambi i piatti, due fermagli in bronzo su quello posteriore; nome dell'autore in capitali sul taglio superiore ed esterno. Impresso in grande carattere romano su 32 linee. In fine il colophon recita ''Eutropius historiographus Rome impressus/ Anno d[omi]ni. M. cccc. lxxi. die lune. xx. Mensis/ Mai Ponti. S. in [Christ]o pr[im]is ac d[omi]ni nostri domi[s]/ Pauli diuina p[re]uidentia Pape Secundi. Anno/ eius Septimo Explicit''. I primi 8 ff. comprendono la Tabula ed il Registro: gli indici sono due, uno sequenziale su 6 pagine ed uno alfabetico su 8 pagine. Si tratta di uno dei primissimi esempi di indice alfabetico nella storia della stampa. Il "Registrum Quinternorum" su 11 linee non riporta la parola iniziale dei quaderni, ma quella di ogni bifolio, quindi 52 incipit, mentre non sono menzionati i fogli corrispondenti. Editio Princeps del più fortunato compendio di storia romana, dalla fondazione della città fino alla morte di Gioviano; diviso in dieci libri, più che alla vicende interne dell'Urbe, si rivolge alla politica estera ed alle campagne di conquista. Eutropio visse nel IV secolo ed ebbe incarichi di estrema importanza a Costantinopoli, al servizio dell'imperatore Valente (364?378), di cui fu segretario e storico (magister memoriae) e su richiesta del quale scrisse questo testo. Nel 371/372 fu proconsole della provincia d'Asia e poi prefetto del pretorio dell'Illirico nel 380 - 381. Il semplice stile narrativo di Eutropio rese la storia romana accessibile a tutti e il Breviarium venne utilizzato come testo di iniziazione al latino nelle scuole fino ai giorni nostri e fu ampliato a più riprese e fu anche tradotto in greco: questa edizione comprende la continuazione fino a Giustiniano ad opera di Paolo Diacono, celebre monaco longobardo attivo nell'ottavo secolo alla corte di Carlo Magno ed a Montecassino. Seppur da sempre ambita dalle biblioteche pubbliche, è molto rara sul mercato, anche perché fu l'unica quattrocentesca e, dopo due di Aldo ed una dei Giunti tra il 1516 ed il 1521, venne poi riscoperta tra il XVII ed il XVIII secolo. Georg Lauer fu il quinto tipografo di Roma, il suo primo libro firmato e datato fu il S.Antonino del Febbraio 1472, impresso con lo stesso carattere. Esemplare freschissimo e a grandissimi margini, con barbe nel margine inferiore di alcuni fogli. Alla fine degli 8 ff. preliminari, sotto il registro, nota di possesso "Buoncompagni de Gazzaria e amicorum"; quasi tutte le pagine sono elegantemente chiosate dalla stessa mano su 2 - 15 linee nei margini che indicano gli episodi storici o i personaggi menzionati. In fine è aggiunto un foglio simile a quelli dell'edizione, con vergati i nomi di 31 imperatori romani.

      [Bookseller: Libreria Antiquaria Pregliasco]
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         Les Quatre Livres d' Albert DÜRER, Peinctre & Geometrien Tres excellent, De la Proportion des parties & pourtraicts des corps humains. Traduicts par Loys Meigret Lionnois, de langue Latine en Françoife.

      Chez Charles Perier à l' enseigne de Bellerophon, 1471. Les Quatre Livres d' Albert DÜRER, Peinctre & Geometrien Tres excellent, De la Proportion des parties & pourtraicts des corps humains. Traduicts par Loys Meigret Lionnois, de langue Latine en Françoife. DÜRER, ALBERT (1471 - 1528). Paris, Chez Charles Perier à l' enseigne de Bellerophon, 1557. Prima edizione. In - folio, piena pelle ottocentesca. 1 f. bianco (iv), 124 ff. (= 248 pp.), 1 f. bianco, 4 tavole più volte ripiegate n.t.; numerose bellissime figure incise in legno a piena pagina. Esemplare con lievi tracce d' uso nel frontespizio, peraltro ben conservato. Edizione originale della traduzione francese di quest' opera basilare sulla simmetria del corpo umano. Brunet, II, 914. Cicognara, 320. Schlosser Magnino,p. 274.

      [Bookseller: Brighenti libri esauriti e rari]
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         Elegantiae Latinae Linguae. De ego mei tui sui. (In fine, colophon:) Laurentii Vallensis de Linguae Latinae Elegantia. Et de Ego Mei Tui et Sui ad Ioannem Tortellium Aretinum per me Nicolaum Ienson Venetiis opus feliciter impressum est. MCCCC:LXXI. (Venezia, Nicolaus Jenson, 1471)

      Jenson, Nicolaus, 1471. in - fol. (330x204 mm), 202 ff. (presenti due ff. bianchi in fine prima dell'Index), 39 righe per pagina, bel caratt romano. Legatura 800sca in p.marocch. nocciola chiaro, bordura sui piatti, fregi e titolo oro sul dorso a nervi, tagli dor., dent. int. (firmata J.Clarke). Esemplare con decorazione miniata di artista del nord Italia del ?400: bordura a intreccio su tre lati del verso del primo f. realizzata in argento e con vivaci colori; 11 capilettera decorati a bianchi girari in oro e colori su sei righe di altezza, gran numero di iniziali in blu e rosso. Magnifico incunabolo veneziano, prodotto dalla seconda stamperia attiva a Venezia nei primi anni. Esemplare accuratamente rinfrescato e lavato da Clarke. Seconda edizione (prima: Venezia, Lignanime, pure Luglio 1471). Il presente testo di Valla sull'analisi critica della lingua latina divenne un modello degli studi di linguistica del Rinascimento, tanto da venir riedito ben 59 volte tra 1471 e 1536. Nonostante l'elevato numero di ristampe, gli esemplari sopravvissuti sono piuttosto rari. La presente edizione è presente in sole 11 biblioteche italiane. Esemplare su carta forte, complessivamente ottimo.

      [Bookseller: Libreria Antiquaria Pregliasco]
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         Vitae XII Caesarum. (Venetiis), Nicolaus Jenson, 1471

      Jenson Nicolaus, 1471. in - 4, ff. 162 (su 164, mancando gli ultimi 2 ff. bianchi.) senza numeraz. né segnatura, leg. settecentesca p. perg., doppio tass. con titolo oro al dorso. F.1r.: «Versus Ausonii in libros Svetonii../ Caii Svetonii Tranquilli De Vita. XII./ Caesarum Liber primus Divus Iulius / Caesar incipit foeliciter.»; f. 162 v., secondo colophon: «Hoc ego nicoleos gallus cognomine ienson Impressi..M.CCCC.LXXI.». Una delle migliori produzioni di Jenson, impressa con un raffinato carettere tondo che rese celebre questo stampatore. Terza edizione, decisamente più bella, benché meno rara, delle due impresse a Roma l'anno precedente, di quest'opera della classicità latina. Ottimo esempl. su carta forte, con i passi in greco, lasciati bianchi nel testo, vergati da mano coeva, come pure i capilettera e le chiose aggiunti a penna nei margini dei fogli.

      [Bookseller: Libreria Antiquaria Pregliasco]
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         OPERA

      Rome: Sweynheym and Pannartz, [Jan. or Feb.], 1471. EDITIO PRINCEPS y. This is the first edition of the writings of Saint Cyprian, which fortuitously came to press because the prototypographers of Rome needed to fill a gap in their printing schedule and to avoid having their workshop sit unprofitably idle. According to Hall, the printers were at work on their Latin Bible when they ran out of the royal folio paper required. Desperate to keep the presses productive, they turned to their friend and editor Bussi, urgently requesting "a text suitable to a smaller format." Bussi searched through his impressive personal library and found a manuscript of Cyprianus he had copied from an ancient codex during his student days at the University of Paris. The editor said he "ran rather than walked through the book," rapidly readying it for publication. Aside from Gutenberg and his immediate associates, there are no figures more important in the early history of printing than Sweynheym and Pannartz, the earliest printers outside Germany. First at Subiaco and later in Rome, they produced an imposing catalogue of first editions of ancient authors, which for the first time systematically exploited the potential of the new printing technology as a means for disseminating humanistic texts to a large audience. From a wealthy and educated pagan background, Thascius Caecilius Cyprianus (ca. 200-58) was a lawyer, orator, and teacher who converted to Christianity as an adult and gave away his fortune to the poor. He was eventually made bishop of Carthage, the place of his birth, from which position he exerted a very considerable influence far beyond his own region. He spent much time and effort mediating between the church and pagan authorities and among rival factions within the church itself; he eventually became a victim of the strife, losing his head during a period of government persecution. His writings refer to issues he had to deal with as a churchman as well as to principles of Christian conduct and points of doctrine. The most valuable of Cyprian's works today are the 81 letters that remain from his official correspondence, material that gives a view of the state of the Christian community and of the character of Cyprian himself, both of enormous value to historical research. The present item was once held by the Bibliotheca Corsinia Nova, founded by Cardinal Corsini (later Pope Clement XII), which is still in existence as Biblioteca dell'Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei e Corsiniana; librarians there have confirmed that this copy was a duplicate that was legitimately removed from the library, probably in the 18th century. Like all Sweynheym and Pannartz imprints, the Cyprianus is rare, with just three other copies recorded at auction since 1975. Even though our printers produced more than 50 different editions, their press runs were normally only 275 copies. Consequently, their books are now hard to find and generally command extravagant prices.. 310 x 215 mm. (12 1/4 x 8 1/2"). [183] leaves (of 186, lacking the three blanks). Single column, 38 lines, roman type. Edited by Giovanni Andrea Bussi, bishop of Aleria. EDITIO PRINCEPS. Later antique-style tan blind-stamped pigskin, covers with blind-ruled frames accented with small tools, upper cover with central panel containing rows of rosettes with arms of Cardinal Corsini at center, lower cover with large central panel decorated with a saltire of decorative rolls, raised bands, panels with rows of small tools. Lower margin of first page with small oval ecclesiastical stamp in red ink, and stamp of the Bibliotheca Corsinia Nova in black ink. Goff C-1010; BMC IV, 12; Hall "Sweynheym & Pannartz and the Origins of Printing in Italy," p. 65. Some rubbing along bottom edges and corners, a hint of soil to the pigskin, but generally the binding in extremely agreeable condition, the joints with no significant wear and the blind-stamping very sharp. A few leaves with faint discoloration in the margins (because of washing?), first and last leaf with slight overall browning (from acidic endleaf, now removed), but the text consistently fresh and clean, with ample margins. An excellent copy. This is the first edition of the writings of Saint Cyprian, which fortuitously came to press because the prototypographers of Rome needed to fill a gap in their printing schedule and to avoid having their workshop sit unprofitably idle. According to Hall, the printers were at work on their Latin Bible when they ran out of the royal folio paper required. Desperate to keep the presses productive, they turned to their friend and editor Bussi, urgently requesting "a text suitable to a smaller format." Bussi searched through his impressive personal library and found a manuscript of Cyprianus he had copied from an ancient codex during his student days at the University of Paris. The editor said he "ran rather than walked through the book," rapidly readying it for publication. Aside from Gutenberg and his immediate associates, there are no figures more important in the early history of printing than Sweynheym and Pannartz, the earliest printers outside Germany. First at Subiaco and later in Rome, they produced an imposing catalogue of first editions of ancient authors, which for the first time systematically exploited the potential of the new printing technology as a means for disseminating humanistic texts to a large audience. From a wealthy and educated pagan background, Thascius Caecilius Cyprianus (ca. 200-58) was a lawyer, orator, and teacher who converted to Christianity as an adult and gave away his fortune to the poor. He was eventually made bishop of Carthage, the place of his birth, from which position he exerted a very considerable influence far beyond his own region. He spent much time and effort mediating between the church and pagan authorities and among rival factions within the church itself; he eventually became a victim of the strife, losing his head during a period of government persecution. His writings refer to issues he had to deal with as a churchman as well as to principles of Christian conduct and points of doctrine. The most valuable of Cyprian's works today are the 81 letters that remain from his official correspondence, material that gives a view of the state of the Christian community and of the character of Cyprian himself, both of enormous value to historical research. The present item was once held by the Bibliotheca Corsinia Nova, founded by Cardinal Corsini (later Pope Clement XII), which is still in existence as Biblioteca dell'Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei e Corsiniana; librarians there have confirmed that this copy was a duplicate that was legitimately removed from the library, probably in the 18th century. Like all Sweynheym and Pannartz imprints, the Cyprianus is rare, with just three other copies recorded at auction since 1975. Even though our printers produced more than 50 different editions, their press runs were normally only 275 copies. Consequently, their books are now hard to find and generally command extravagant prices.

      [Bookseller: Phillip J. Pirages Fine Books and Mediev]
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         Breviarium historiae romanae). Incipit Eutropius historiographus e post eum Paulus diaconus de historiis italicae provinciae ac Romanorum.

      Rome impressus Anno M.cccc.lxxi. die Lune. xx. Mensis Mai (Roma, Georgius Lauer, 1471), - in-folio (284 x 190mm), ff. 104, legatura di poco posteriore in cuoio su assicelle di legno, 5 piccole borchie su entrambi i piatti, due fermagli in bronzo su quello posteriore; nome dell'autore in capitali sul taglio superiore ed esterno. Impresso in grande carattere romano su 32 linee. In fine il colophon recita ''Eutropius historiographus Rome impressus/ Anno d[omi]ni. M. cccc. lxxi. die lune. xx. Mensis/ Mai Ponti. S. in [Christ]o pr[im]is ac d[omi]ni nostri domi[s]/ Pauli diuina p[re]uidentia Pape Secundi. Anno/ eius Septimo Explicit''. I primi 8 ff. comprendono la Tabula ed il Registro: gli indici sono due, uno sequenziale su 6 pagine ed uno alfabetico su 8 pagine. Si tratta di uno dei primissimi esempi di indice alfabetico nella storia della stampa. Il "Registrum Quinternorum" su 11 linee non riporta la parola iniziale dei quaderni, ma quella di ogni bifolio, quindi 52 incipit, mentre non sono menzionati i fogli corrispondenti. Editio Princeps del più fortunato compendio di storia romana, dalla fondazione della città fino alla morte di Gioviano; diviso in dieci libri, più che alla vicende interne dell'Urbe, si rivolge alla politica estera ed alle campagne di conquista. Eutropio visse nel IV secolo ed ebbe incarichi di estrema importanza a Costantinopoli, al servizio dell'imperatore Valente (364?378), di cui fu segretario e storico (magister memoriae) e su richiesta del quale scrisse questo testo. Nel 371/372 fu proconsole della provincia d'Asia e poi prefetto del pretorio dell'Illirico nel 380-381. Il semplice stile narrativo di Eutropio rese la storia romana accessibile a tutti e il Breviarium venne utilizzato come testo di iniziazione al latino nelle scuole fino ai giorni nostri e fu ampliato a più riprese e fu anche tradotto in greco: questa edizione comprende la continuazione fino a Giustiniano ad opera di Paolo Diacono, celebre monaco longobardo attivo nell'ottavo secolo alla corte di Carlo Magno ed a Montecassino. Seppur da sempre ambita dalle biblioteche pubbliche, è molto rara sul mercato, anche perché fu l'unica quattrocentesca e, dopo due di Aldo ed una dei Giunti tra il 1516 ed il 1521, venne poi riscoperta tra il XVII ed il XVIII secolo. Georg Lauer fu il quinto tipografo di Roma, il suo primo libro firmato e datato fu il S.Antonino del Febbraio 1472, impresso con lo stesso carattere. Esemplare freschissimo e a grandissimi margini, con barbe nel margine inferiore di alcuni fogli. Alla fine degli 8 ff. preliminari, sotto il registro, nota di possesso "Buoncompagni de Gazzaria e amicorum"; quasi tutte le pagine sono elegantemente chiosate dalla stessa mano su 2-15 linee nei margini che indicano gli episodi storici o i personaggi menzionati. In fine è aggiunto un foglio simile a quelli dell'edizione, con vergati i nomi di 31 imperatori romani. Goff E131. Pellechet 4648. IGI 3768. Rhodes(Oxford Colleges) 751. BMC IV 36. GW M30113. Dibdin II, p. 1-2: ?This editio princeps was superintended by Diaconus, who has taken care to represent with scrupolous fidelity all the errors and interpolation of his ms. . Of wathever intrinsic worth may be this edition, its rarity is considerable, since it was never seen by Verheic or Tzschucke. It has rarely occurred for purchase at public sales?. [Attributes: Hard Cover]

      [Bookseller: Libreria Antiquaria Pregliasco]
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         Historiae adversus paganos. Historiarum adversum paganos. (GWM 28416, H 12101). Fragment Buch 1 bis 5 (von 7). Editio Princeps.

      Augsburg Johann Schüssler 7 Juni Type 1 1471 - Neuer Halbpergamenteinband mit Kibitzpapier bezogenen Deckeln aus einer Restaurierungswerkstatt. Handschriftlicher Titel auf Rücken. Im Schnitt etwas gebräunt. Original Inkunabelfragment mit 66 (von 130) 35-zeiligen Blättern. Kollation: Leeres Blatt; registrum 5 (von 6 Bl.); prologus 1 Bl.; liber I.1 - liber V.10 59 (von 121 Bl.). Die fehlenden Texte am Ende der Historia werden durch leere Büttenpapierblätter angedeutet. Blätter mit Resten von ledernen Blattweisern und zahlreichen roten Lombarden z. Teil mit Randausläufern. Einige Marginalien der Zeit. Seiten mit Blattbezeichnung von alter Hand, breitrandiges Exemplar. Das Papier weist drei verschiedene Wasserzeichen auf: 1. Ochsenkopf mit Augen - Darüber zweikonturige Stange - Darüber Krone - Darüber Kreuz (Augsburg 1471), 2. Ochsenkopf mit Augen darüber zweikonturige Stange darüber Blume weiteres Beizeichen an Stange (Brescia 1470) und 3. Turm mit Zinnen ohne Fenster ohne Beizeichen (o.O. 1471) Einzelblattgröße: 21,5 x 31 cm. Paulus Orosius (um 385 - um 418) war ein in Bracara Augusta (Braga / Portugal) geborener spätantiker Historiker und christlicher Theologe. Seine im Jahr 418 veröffentlichte "Historiae adversum paganos libri VII" ist der erste Versuch, die Universalgeschichte einer christlichen Grundidee zu verfassen und ist sein berühmtestes Werk. Für die Abfassung seines historiographischen Werkes besuchte Osorius 413/4 n. Chr. Augustinus in Karthago und im darauffolgenden Jahr 415 Hieronymus in Bethlehem. Der Nordafrikaner Augustinus begann zum gleichen Zeitpunkt seine 'De Civitate Die', die er von 413 bis 426 schrieb. Orosius übertrug die Ideen des Augustinus (354 - 430) auf seine Geschichtsschreibung. So macht der Prolog offensichtlich, dass Orosius seine Historiae auf 'Befehl' des Augustinus verfasste: "Pauli horosii presbiteri historiographi . Receptis tuis parui beatissime pater augustie ." (Orosius, 1471 Historiae). Seine Geschichte umfasst, wie er selbst schreibt, die Zeit von der Erschaffung der Welt bis zu seiner eigenen Zeit. Er hält das Erscheinen Christi als den wesentlichen Einschnitt in der Geschichte. Seine Historiae endet mit der chaotischen Situation auf der Iberischen Halbinsel im Jahre 418 als Folge der babarischen Invasionen. Seine Historiae ist aber vor allem auch eine Apologie, eine Verteidigung des Christentums gegen die Heiden, die im Gegensatz zur zyklische Auffassung der Heiden, das lineare Geschichtsbild (Adam Christi Gericht) der Juden und Christen aufweist. Er selbst glaubt an die Vorsehung, deren Walten darzulegen, Hauptziel des gesamten Werkes ist. Die Quellen, derer sich Orosius bediente, wurde von T. de Morner ermittelt: neben dem Alten und Neuen Testament scheint er vor allem Caesar, Livius, Junianus Justinus, Tacitus, Sueton, Florus und eine Kosmographie herangezogen und zudem großen Wert auf Hieronymus Übersetzung der Kirchengeschichte des Eusebius von Caesarea gelegt zu haben. Die Historiae des Orosius, die hier als Fragment der ersten fünf Bücher in der Editio Princeps vorliegt, erfuhr im Mittelalter eine große Ausbreitung. Nach dem Werk des Paulus Orosius Historiae adversum paganos libri VII gibt es keine andere systematische Auslegung der Weltgeschichte in der Spätantike. Die früheste bekannte Beschäftigung mit der Chronologie begann mit Apollodorus von Athen (180 - 120 v. Chr.) und Kastor von Rhodos (1. Jhd. V. Chr.). Nach 221 n. Chr. wird die erste christliche Weltchronik durch Sextus Julius Africanus veröffentlicht. Es ist eine chronistische Zusammenfassung von Adam bis 217 n. Chr.; wobei die Geburt Christi auf das Jahr 5500 nach der Weltschöpfung festgelegt wird. Eine künftig bestimmende Chronologie der Weltgeschichte führte Eusebios von Kaisareia (260 - 330) mit seiner Chronik ein, die später von Hieronymus (385 - 420) bis 378 n. Chr. fortgesetzt wurde. Die Weltchronik von Eusebius übertrug das weltgeschichtliche Denken des Alten Testamentes in das Mittelalter. Die Plünderung Roms durch die Goten im Jahre 410 forderte eine [Attributes: First Edition]

      [Bookseller: Versandantiquariat Christine Laist]
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         Liber d[e] quadruplici vita[;] theologia Asclepii ...[;] Sixti ... Enchiridion[;] Isocratis Ad demonicum oratio ...[;] Silve medicinales ... Including: Tropheum Gallorum quadruplice ... (Colophon: Lyon, Jannot Deschamps for Etienne Gueynard and Jacques Huguetan, 31 July 1507). 2 parts in 1 volume. 4to. With a general title-page in red and black with 5 woodcut border strips; Deschamps's woodcut angel and tree device with 4 woodcut border strips; 2 woodcut illustrations plus 4 repeats (mostly with 2 border strips) and 2 illustrations believed to be relief metal engravings with 2 and 4 woodcut border strips respectively. Red-stained limp parchment (ca. 1800?). .

      Baudrier XI, pp. 207-209; Durling 936; USTC 143270. First edition of a Latin collection of works by or with commentaries by the Lyon physician Symphorien Champier (ca. 1471-1537), printed and published together, most appearing here for the first time. The first part contains several works on medicine and health: Champier's four books on life and health (beginning with De vita sana); Asclepius, Diffinitiones (Corpus Hermeticum XVI), translated from the Greek by Lodovico Lazzarelli; the Enchiridion formerly attributed to Pope Sixtus II; a Latin translation of a Greek oration by Isocrates, Ad demonicum; Champier's Silve medicinales, a 48-page alphabetical list of medicines; and several letters and other small items. Champier contests the astrological notion that the stars influence one's life. The second part is named on the general title-page and was clearly intended for publication with the first part, but is not present in all copies. It gives a history of France up to Louis XII, an account of the history and antiquities of Lyon, including inscriptions, a list of Lyonese authors and their works, and further letters. With a water stain at the heads of the leaves in many quires, a marginal water stain at the foot of a few quires and some quires slightly browned or foxed. Otherwise in very good condition and with good margins. The binding is slightly rubbed and scratched..

      [Bookseller: ASHER Rare Books (Since 1830)]
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         Legenda aurea, deutsch (GWM 11402, HC 9968) Winterteil. Von Sant Gregorio. (Schramm II, 105)

      Augsburg Günther Zainer 25 Oktober Type 2 1471 - Zweispaltiges 50-zeiliges Original-Inkunabelblatt mit einem fein altkolorierten Holzschnitt des Heiligen Gregorius (72 x 77 mm) auf festem Büttenpapier. Blatt mit einer vierzeiligen blauroten Lombarde, handschriftlicher Blattzahl der Zeit am oberen Rand "Ccxxvi", blauen Rubriken und rotgestrichenen Versalbuchstaben. Blatt etwas fingerfleckig, rückseitig mit Resten von zwei Papiermontagestreifen. Blattgröße: 25,4 x 34,6 cm. Incunabula text woodcut leaf. Seltenes Blatt aus der ersten illustrierten Ausgabe der "Heiligenlegende" des Jacobus de Voragine mit einem sehr fein und zart kolorierten Holzschnitt. Zainer hatte bei diesem Werk zuerst den Text gedruckt und in einem zweiten Druckvorgang den Holzschnitt. In einem dritten Arbeitsschritt wurde dann der Holzschnitt koloriert. (vgl. Schramm Bd. 2, S. 1). Günther Zainer aus Reutlingen war der erste Drucker in Augsburg. Seinen ersten Druck vollendete er im Jahre 1468. Geldner geht davon aus, dass Günther Zainer das Buchdruckerhandwerk in der Mentelinschen Buchdruckerei in Straßburg erlernt hatte. (Geldner I, 133) Der italienische Prediger und Schriftsteller Jacobus de Voragine (Viraggio) aus dem heutigen Varazze bei Genua lebte von 1230 - 1298. Der Dominikaner Jacobus de Voragine fügte aus der Bibel, den Apokryphen, verschiedenen Akten sowie überlieferten Geschichten, die Lebensgeschichten der Heiligen zur "Legenda Aurea". Das Werk in volkstümlicher lateinischer Sprache geschrieben, wurde zum populärsten religiösen Volksbuch des Mittelalter. Die deutschen Übersetzungen der "Legenda Aurea" wurden das "Leben der Heiligen" oder der "Heiligen Leben" genannt. Zahlreiche Anzeichen deuten heute darauf hin, dass zwischen 1384 und 1421 im Umkreis des Dominikanerordens in Nürnberg eine neue Kompilation der Heiligenlegenden entstand, die unter Einbeziehung der "Legenda aurea", stärker auf den deutschsprachigen Glaubensraum bezogen waren. So wurden in diesem Legendar u. a. die Heiligen Bonifazius, Gallus, Kilian oder Magnus von Füssen aufgenommen. Dieser "deutsche Legendar" übertraf in seiner Verbreitung die "Legenda Aurea". (Becker; Overgaauw: Aderlass + Seelentrost 2003, 219). Der Sommerteil der Legenden erschien am 27.April 1472.

      [Bookseller: Versandantiquariat Christine Laist]
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         Hecatomphila... nella quale insegna la ingegnosa arte d'amare. ?"

      In - 8. Legatura recente in pelle maculata, dorso con tassello rosso, filetti dorati sui piatti. Titolo entro larga cornice con motivi galanti inc. in legno, una grande iniziale decorativa, ed una silografia a p. pagina in fine. (16) ff.; assai lieve ossidazione della carta; esemplare marginoso. Rara edizione dell?apprezzata opera, pubblicata per la prima volta nel 1471. Nella Ecatonfilea una donna esperta di questioni sentimentali, da dei consigli a delle giovani ragazze per insegnar loro come si ottiene e si conserva l'affetto dell'amante. Questa ed altre opere simili scritte intorno al 1430, dimostrano l?interesse del giovane Alberti per il problema delle passioni amorose, considerato principalmente dal punto di vista di un vagheggiato ideale di tranquillità, indispensabile all'uomo di lettere. Edit 16, CNCE 712. Cf. Sander I, 148 e Gay II, 457. A scarce edition of this popular work by the great humanist, written about 1430 and first published in 1471. In the Ecatonfilea a women, experienced in matters of love, advises some young girls on how to obtain and keep love. Title within a large decorative woodcut border, a decorative initial and a full page text woodcut at end. Mild toning, but generally a fine large copy in a good modern calf binding with gilt filet on covers and red label on spine.

      [Bookseller: Libreria Antiquaria Rappaport]
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         VEDUTA MAGGIORE DE' BAGNI ALLA VILLA. Stupendo disegno settecentesco di Luigi Jappelli raffigurante uno scorcio dei bagni di Lucca, con ricchi cartigli decorativi. XVIII secolo.

      Bel disegno a matita ed acquarello in formato cm.42x53, applicato su tela, in cornice. Vi viene raffigurato un ampio scorcio del "Bagno alla Villa". Nella parte in alto l'intestazione in nastro svolazzante. Sulla sinistra è disegnata, sotto rovine architettoniche, una lapide con il testo latino che il commerciante lucchese Domenico Bertini predispose per la fine dei lavori di restauro il 6 maggio 1471. Nella parte centrale la deliziosa raffigurazione del Bagno, con lettere che individuano le varie proprietà e funzioni. Nella parte destra, in ricco cartiglio ornamentale, sono individuate tali specifiche: "A) Casa grande Buonvisi; B) Fontana pubblica per uso di tutte le Case; C) Casa Talenti; D) Strada che conduce ai Bagni caldi; E) Chiesa dell'Ospizio dei PP. Minori Riformati; F) Ospizio delli detti Padri; G) Casa Donati; H) Bagni numero tre; I) Case nobili; K) Casa grande Boiamonti (Buiamonti); L) Benefizio del Sig. Abb. Bernardini unito alla casa piccola Boiamonti; M) Casa piccola Buonvisi; N) Piazza de' Bagni; O) Casa Lena; P) Casa Mansi; Q) Chiesa della Serenissima Repubblica di Lucca; R) Casa Barsantini; S) Casa Bernardini; T) Strada che conduce alli Bagni; V) Casa Orsetti". Nella parte inferiore destra composizione allegorca con la pantera lucchese. Nella parte inferriore sinistra appare l'indicazione dell'Autore: "Luigi Ant. Jappelli bolognese". Alcune lievissime spellature, ma insieme di straordinario sapore estetico. "Già dal 1376 questo bagno è presente in un regesto della Repubblica di Lucca e ancora nel 1442 il Consiglio degli Anziani nomina tre consiglieri della Corte dei Mercanti per l?esecuzione di lavori urgenti. Nel 1469 il mercante Domenico Bertini viene nominato dalla Repubblica di Lucca Commissario ai Bagni Termali. In breve egli risistemò l?intera area e fece costruire un edificio, i cui lavori furono ultimati nel 1471. Lo stabilimento come ci appare oggi con le torrette cuspidate risale al secolo XVII. Nell?estate del 1581 il pensatore francese Michel de Montaigne arriva a Bagni di Lucca per curare la sua calcolosi renale e si stabilisce nella casa Bujamonti dove oggi una lapide ricorda il soggiorno dell?illustre filosofo. Due erano all?epoca le vasche: una per gli uomini ed una per le donne, inoltre vi era un locale per le docce. Scrive Montaigne nel suo Giornale di viaggio in Italia: ?Qui esiste la possibilità di bere e anche di bagnarsi: un bagno coperto, a volta, e alquanto buio, largo come la metà della mia sala a Montaigne. V?è pure un certo scarico che chiamano"la doccia?: si tratta di tubi attraverso i quali si riceve l?acqua calda su varie parti del corpo, e in ispecie sulla testa, con zampilli che vi scendono addosso senza interruzione e, venendo a colpire la parte malata, la scaldano; poi l?acqua si raccoglie per mezzo di un condotto di legno, simile a quello delle lavandaie, e vi scorre dentro. Esiste un?altra sala da bagno, del pari buia e voltata, per le donne; e tutto viene originato da una fonte alla quale si beve, piuttosto scomodamente, in un?infossatura dove si è costretti a scendere di qualche gradino?. Nel 1669 per l?arrivo della Granduchessa Vittoria Della Rovere il bagno venne restaurato e qui nel 1790 furono ospiti Ferdinando d?Austria e la sua sposa Maria Beatrice d?Este, principessa di Massa. In questa occasione vennero abbelliti un paio di bagni che presero il nome di Bagno del principe e Bagno della principessa. Gli altri bagni erano: il bagno dei Padri Riformati, il bagno Dante, il bagno dei Servitori, il bagnetto piccolo. Durante il periodo Baciocchiano vennero rivestite le pareti degli interni di marmo e nel 1859 il vestibolo fu chiuso dalla cancellata di ferro visibile ancora oggi. Georg Christoph Martini nel suo Viaggio in Toscana (1725 - 1745) così descrive il bagno: ?Su di un?altura di questa località si trova il Bagno alla Villa, di bella costruzione e diviso in tre stanze principali. Il bagno degli uomini ha un soffitto a cupola dipinto a fresco. L?altro fu costruito per una principessa ed ha tutto intorno alla vasca una delicata ringhiera di ferro. Il terzo è per le donne. Nel sottosuolo v?è ancora un bagno per i religiosi ed uno per i poveri che ne usufruiscono senza pagamento [ ?]. Le passeggiate che si possono fare da questo posto sono amenissime; le strade corrono tra vigneti e sono fiancheggiate da fitte siepi di bellissimo bosso alto due braccia, accuratamente potato. Le alte selve di verdi castagni, le fresche sorgenti, le frequenti cascate formate dalle limpide acque della Lima, insieme ad altre bellezze naturali, rendono questa località oltre modo piacevole?. Molti furono coloro che nella storia utilizzarono l?acqua del Bagno alla Villa, fra gli altri sappiamo che Ludovico Ariosto venne esortato da Alfonso I di Ferrara a portargliene qualche soma. Sappiamo che l?acqua veniva addirittura contraffatta tanto era famosa fino al 1787 quando il governò emanò un regolamento per l?emungimento delle acque del bagno. L?acqua del Bagno alla Villa che sgorga ad una temperatura di 39° C, fu esportata per tutto il secolo XVIII. Fino a quaranta anni fa il Bagno alla Villa fu usato come bagno pubblico dalla popolazione del luogo. Attualmente sono in corso lavori di restauro per questo piccolo gioiello che conferisce con le sue torrette alla piazzetta del bagno, pressoché immutata, un?atmosfera fuori dal tempo. Al Bagno alla Villa sorsero negli anni le più importanti dimore dell?aristocrazia lucchese che tutt?oggi convivono, come allora, con le abitazioni degli abitanti del posto. La borgata rappresenta la storicizzata tradizione di luogo residenziale privilegiato" (dal sito ufficiale delle Terme dei Bagni di Lucca). Autore del disegno è il pittore e decoratore bolognese Luigi Jappelli, attivo anche in Veneto e in Spagna nella seconda metà del XVIII secolo e cugino del più noto pittore Giuseppe Jappelli.

      [Bookseller: Studio Bibliografico Pera]
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         Legenda aurea, deutsch (GWM 11402, HC 9968) Winterteil. Von Sant Silvester dem Bapst. (Schramm II, 65)

      Augsburg, Günther Zainer, 25. Oktober 1471. Type 2.. Zweispaltiges 50-zeiliges Original-Inkunabelblatt mit einem feinaltkolorierten Holzschnitt des Heiligen Silvester (72 x 78 mm) auf festem Büttenpapier. Blatt mit einer vierzeiligen blauen Lombarde, handschriftlicher Blattzahl der Zeit am oberen Rand "Cxlv" und rotgestrichenen Versalbuchstaben. Blatt etwas fingerfleckig. Wasserzeichen. Blattgröße: 25,4 x 34,6 cm. Incunabula text woodcut leaf.. Seltenes Blatt aus der ersten illustrierten Ausgabe der "Heiligenlegende" des Jacobus de Voragine mit einem sehr fein und zart kolorierten Holzschnitt. Zainer hatte bei diesem Werk zuerst den Text gedruckt und in einem zweiten Druckvorgang den Holzschnitt. In einem dritten Arbeitsschritt wurde dann der Holzschnitt koloriert. (vgl. Schramm Bd. 2, S. 1) Unter folgendem Link können Sie das Werk online einsehen: http://dfg-viewer.de/show/?set[mets]=http%3A%2F%2Fdaten.digitale-sammlungen.de%2F~db%2Fmets%2Fbsb00029232_mets.xml Günther Zainer aus Reutlingen war der erste Drucker in Augsburg. Seinen ersten Druck vollendete er im Jahre 1468. Geldner geht davon aus, dass Günther Zainer das Buchdruckerhandwerk in der Mentelinschen Buchdruckerei in Straßburg erlernt hatte. (Geldner I, 133) Der italienische Prediger und Schriftsteller Jacobus de Voragine (Viraggio) aus dem heutigen Varazze bei Genua lebte von 1230 - 1298. Der Dominikaner Jacobus de Voragine fügte aus der Bibel, den Apokryphen, verschiedenen Akten sowie überlieferten Geschichten, die Lebensgeschichten der Heiligen zur "Legenda Aurea". Das Werk in volkstümlicher lateinischer Sprache geschrieben, wurde zum populärsten religiösen Volksbuch des Mittelalter. Die deutschen Übersetzungen der "Legenda Aurea" wurden das "Leben der Heiligen" oder der "Heiligen Leben" genannt. Zahlreiche Anzeichen deuten heute darauf hin, dass zwischen 1384 und 1421 im Umkreis des Dominikanerordens in Nürnberg eine neue Kompilation der Heiligenlegenden entstand, die unter Einbeziehung der "Legenda aurea", stärker auf den deutschsprachigen Glaubensraum bezogen waren. So wurden in diesem Legendar u. a. die Heiligen Bonifazius, Gallus, Kilian oder Magnus von Füssen aufgenommen. Dieser "deutsche Legendar" übertraf in seiner Verbreitung die "Legenda Aurea". (Becker; Overgaauw: Aderlass + Seelentrost 2003, 219). Der Sommerteil der Legenden erschien am 27.April 1472.

      [Bookseller: Versandantiquariat Christine Laist]
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         Hebdomas observationum de Rebus Sinicis ... Berlin, Georg Schultz, 1674. With: (2) MÜLLER, Andreas. Monumenti Sinici, ...Berlin, Christoph Runge, 1672. Including: De monumento Sinico commentarius novensilis.Caput Primum. Historia lapidis.[Berlin, Georg Schultz?, 1674?]. 4 parts in 1 volume. 4to. With 1 botanical woodcut in text and woodcut Chinese characters. With diamond-head music notes, long passages in Syriac and Arabic type. Marbled boards (ca. 1800?).

      BLC German (17th cent.) M-1471; Cordier, Sinica, cols. 773-774 (parts 2-4 only); Löwendahl 155, 161-163; Walravens, China illustrata 88 (part 1 only). A series of works apparently printed and published together (even though the second title-page gives a different publisher and date) on various aspects of China and its culture, by the gifted orientalist Andreas Müller (1630-1694). The title-page of part 1 lists seven numbered subjects for its brief observations: history, missionaries in China from the time of the Old Testament to the time of publication, Chinese emperors and other rulers, ginseng and its medicinal uses, astronomy and the calendar, geography and the relation between the names of the planets and the days of the week. Part 2 is devoted primarily to the transliteration in italic type of an extensive Chinese inscription, using special diacritical marks to indicate the tones and representing them also with Western musical notation above the text. It was a 781 "Nestorian" (East Christian) inscription that had been discovered in the 1620s and first published by Athanasius Kircher in 1667. Müller took issue with Kircher's publications on the inscription. It is followed by several shorter texts, including two pages with parallel columns giving an Aramaic text in Syriac script with a Latin translation, and a phonetic rendering of the Chinese Lord's Prayer. Parts 3 and 4 contain additional commentaries on the same Nestorian inscription. The extensive use of Syriac and Arabic type gives the publication special typographic interest. Somewhat browned, but otherwise in good condition, with only some tiny marginal worm holes (affecting 1 letter in the imprint of the second title-page). Parts 2 and 4 each lacks a final blank leaf. A remarkable example of early oriental studies.

      [Bookseller: ASHER Rare Books (Since 1830)]
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         Les Quatre Livres d' Albert DÜRER, Peinctre & Geometrien Tres excellent, De la Proportion des parties & pourtraicts des corps humains. Traduicts par Loys Meigret Lionnois, de langue Latine en Françoife.

      Chez Charles Perier à l' enseigne de BellerophonLes Quatre Livres d' Albert DÜRER, Peinctre & Geometrien Tres excellent, De la Proportion des parties & pourtraicts des corps humains. Traduicts par Loys Meigret Lionnois, de langue Latine en Françoife. DÜRER, ALBERT (1471 - 1528). Paris, Chez Charles Perier à l' enseigne de Bellerophon, 1557. Prima edizione. In - folio, piena pelle ottocentesca. 1 f. bianco (iv), 124 ff. (= 248 pp.), 1 f. bianco, 4 tavole più volte ripiegate n.t.; numerose bellissime figure incise in legno a piena pagina. Esemplare con lievi tracce d' uso nel frontespizio, peraltro ben conservato. Edizione originale della traduzione francese di quest' opera basilare sulla simmetria del corpo umano. Brunet, II, 914. Cicognara, 320. Schlosser Magnino,p. 274.

      [Bookseller: Brighenti libri esauriti e rari]
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         Icones plantarum Galliae rariorum nempè incertarum aut nondum delineatarum.Paris, 1808. Imperial 4to. With 50 engraved plates, designed by Turpin (43) and Poiteau (7), and engraved by Plée and V. Plée fils. Modern black half morocco.

      BMC NH, p. 310; Cat. Lindley Libr., p. 70; DSB III, pp. 43-45; GFB, p. 53; Nissen, BBI 322; Plesch, p. 170; Pritzel 1471; Stafleu & Cowan 989. First and only edition of the only published instalment of a work on French botany by Augustin Pyramus de Candolle (1778-1841). Candolle was a well-known botanist, author of the famous Liliaceae. He undertook botanical expeditions already at the age of 14. Growing up Candolle became acquainted with important natural scientists and botanists, such as Jean Pierre Vaucher and Horace-Bénédict de Saussure. He lived in Paris from 1800 until 1808, when he was called to Montpellier to the chair of botany at the École de Médecine and the Faculté de Sciences. In 1816 he accepted a chair in natural history in Geneva. Candolle is the author of nearly 180 memoirs and other works, and at his death he left some forty unfinished manuscripts. "The world's botanists have shown their admiration of and gratitude to the Genevan naturalist by dedicating more than 300 plants to his memory: one family (Candolleaceae) and two genera (Candollea and Candollina) have been named for him" (DSB).Engraved armorial bookplate of Count Goblet d'Alviella. Very good copy, upper right corner of last 30 plates slightly damaged, not approaching the printed image, last leaf backed with paper. Very good copy, of a well- illustrated flora by a major French botanist.

      [Bookseller: ASHER Rare Books (Since 1830)]
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         Postilla super totam Bibliam. Vol. I (GWM 26523, HC 10363). Secundus liber Moysi scilicet Exodus. Ca. XXII.

      Rom, Konrad Sweynheym und Arnold Pannartz, 18. November 1471. Type 2.. Einspaltiges, 46-zeiliges O-Inkunabelblatt mit einer zweizeiligen roten Lombarde. Blatt im Rand fleckig und mit kleineren Einrissen, sowie einem Nummernstempel im unteren Rand. Blattgröße: 39,1 x 25,3 cm.. Die beiden Drucker Konrad Sweynheym und Arnold Pannartz gehören zu den Erstdruckern Italiens. K. Sweynheym stammt aus Schwanheim bei Frankfurt am Main und war Kleriker der Erzdiözese Mainz. A. Pannartz war Kleriker der Erzdiözese Köln. Beide druckten 1465 das erste Buch auf italienischem Boden in Subiaco bei Rom - Die Opera des Lactantius. Insgesamt sind lediglich vier Drucke aus Subiaco bekannt. 1467 siedelten die beiden Drucker nach Rom um und entwickelten eine fruchtbare Tätigkeit. 1473 stirbt Konrad Sweynheym. Sein Partner Pannartz übernimmt die Druckerei - er stirbt 1476/7. (Geldner 1970, 25 ff.) Das Werk können sie unter folgendem Link einsehen: http://daten.digitale-sammlungen.de/~db/0006/bsb00063846/images/index.html?seite=235&fip=193.174.98.30

      [Bookseller: Versandantiquariat Christine Laist]
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         Legenda auea, deutsch (GWM 11402, HC 9968) Winterteil. Von Sant Cecilia leben.

      Augsburg, Günther Zainer, 25. Oktober 1471. Type 2.. Zweispaltiges 50-zeiliges Original Inkunabelblatt mit einem fein altkolorierten Holzschnitt der Heiligen Cecilia (72 x 82 mm) und einer vierzeiligen blauen Lombarde mit Federwerk und Maiglöckchenfüllung. Handschriftliche Blattzahl der Zeit am oberen Rand "lxxxi" und rotgestrichene Versalbuchstaben. Blatt klanghell, Blatt im unteren Rand etwas fingerfleckig, Blattgröße: 25,2 x 34,9 cm. Incunabula text woodcut leaf.. Seltenes Blatt aus der ersten illustrierten Ausgabe der "Heiligenlegende" des Jacobus de Voragine mit einem sehr fein kolorierten Holzschnitt. Unter folgendem Link können Sie das Blatt online einsehen: http://dfg-viewer.de/show/?set[image]=161&set[zoom]=default&set[debug]=0&set[double]=0&set[mets]=http%3A%2F%2Fmdz10.bib-bvb.de%2F~db%2Fmets%2Fbsb00029232_mets.xml Die Märtyrerin Cäcilia soll um 200 in Rom geboren und am 22. November 230 enthauptet worden sein. Die Legende besagt, dass der Henker sie dreimal durch Schwerthiebe zu enthaupten versuchte. Er soll es aber nicht geschafft haben den Kopf der halsstarrigen Cäcilia abzuschlagen. Die schwer Verwundete lebte noch drei Tage, vermachte ihr Gut den Armen, bekehrte weitere Umstehende und wurde dann - gekrümmt, wie sie zuletzt lag - in golddurchwirktem Gewand in einen Zypressensarg gelegt; nach der Überlieferung wurde sie bei der Sargöffnung 1599 so gefunden. Urban I. bestattete sie in der Callistus-Katakombe in Rom neben den Bischöfen und weihte ihr Haus zu einer Kirche. Um die Mitte des 5. Jahrhunderts setzte die Verehrung Cäcilias ein, seitdem ist die nach ihr S. Cecilia genannte Kirche im Stadtteil Trastevere ihr geweiht; ab dem Jahr 545 wurde ihr Fest dort am 22. November gefeiert, was durch eine Episode in der Lebensgeschichte des Papstes Vigilius nachgewiesen ist. Die Legende erzählt, dass diese Kirche aus dem Haus der Cäcilia entstand, aber Ausgrabungen haben erwiesen, dass das Gebäude zu einem Mietshaus nahe eines öffentlichen Bades gehörte. Tatsächlich war Cäcilia nach einer alten Inschrift die Gründerin der Kirche, erst die Legende hat sie zur Märtyrerin gemacht und ihr das Thema der Keuschheit, die am Abend der Hochzeit gelobt wird, zugeschrieben. www.heiligenlexikon.de) Günther Zainer aus Reutlingen war der erste Drucker in Augsburg. Seinen ersten Druck vollendete er im Jahre 1468. Geldner geht davon aus, dass Günther Zainer das Buchdruckerhandwerk in der Mentelinschen Buchdruckerei in Straßburg erlernt hatte. (Geldner I, 133) Der italienische Prediger und Schriftsteller Jacobus de Voragine (Viraggio) aus dem heutigen Varazze bei Genua lebte von 1230 - 1298. Der Dominikaner Jacobus de Voragine fügte aus der Bibel, den Apokryphen, verschiedenen Akten sowie überlieferten Geschichten, die Lebensgeschichten der Heiligen zur "Legenda Aurea". Das Werk in volkstümlicher lateinischer Sprache geschrieben, wurde zum populärsten religiösen Volksbuch des Mittelalter. Die deutschen Übersetzungen der "Legenda Aurea" wurden das "Leben der Heiligen" oder der "Heiligen Leben" genannt. Zahlreiche Anzeichen deuten heute darauf hin, dass zwischen 1384 und 1421 im Umkreis des Dominikanerordens in Nürnberg eine neue Kompilationen der Heiligenlegenden entstand, die unter Einbeziehung der "Legenda aurea", stärker auf den deutschsprachigen Glaubensraum bezogen waren. So wurden in diesem Legendar u. a. die Heiligen Bonifazius, Gallus, Kilian oder Magnus von Füssen aufgenommen. Dieser "deutsche Legendar" übertraf in seiner Verbreitung die "Legenda Aurea". (Becker; Overgaauw: Aderlass + Seelentrost 2003, 219). Der Sommerteil der Legenden erschien am 27.April 1472.

      [Bookseller: Versandantiquariat Christine Laist]
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         Historiae adversus gaganos. (GWM 28416, H 12101). Fragment Buch 1 bis 5 (von 7). Editio Princeps.

      Augsburg, Johann Schüssler, 7. Juni 1471. Type 1.. Neuer Halbpergamenteinband mit Kibitzpapier bezogenen Deckeln aus einer Restaurierungswerkstatt. Handschriftlicher Titel auf Rücken. Im Schnitt etwas gebräunt. Original Inkunabelfragment mit 66 (von 130) 35-zeiligen Blättern. Blätter mit Resten von ledernen Blattweisern und zahlreichen roten Lombarden z. Teil mit Randausläufern. Einige Marginalien der Zeit. Seiten mit Blattbezeichnung von alter Hand, breitrandiges Exemplar. Das Papier weist drei verschiedene Wasserzeichen auf: 1. Ochsenkopf mit Augen - Darüber zweikonturige Stange - Darüber Krone - Darüber Kreuz (Augsburg 1471), 2. Ochsenkopf mit Augen darüber zweikonturige Stange darüber Blume weiteres Beizeichen an Stange (Brescia 1470) und 3. Turm mit Zinnen ohne Fenster ohne Beizeichen (o.O. 1471) Einzelblattgröße: 21,5 x 31 cm. GW 80 Ex.. Kollation: Leeres Blatt; registrum 5 (von 6 Bl.); prologus 1 Bl.; liber I.1 - liber V.10 59 (von 121 Bl.). Die fehlenden Texte am Ende der Historia werden durch leere Büttenpapierblätter angedeutet. Die Wasserzeichen sind identisch mit den WZ des Hauptstaatsarchiv Stuttgart: WZ-Sammlung Piccard. Paulus Orosius (um 385 - um 418) war ein in Bracara Augusta (Braga / Portugal) geborener spätantiker Historiker und christlicher Theologe. Seine im Jahr 418 veröffentlichte "Historiae adversum paganos libri VII" ist der erste Versuch, die Universalgeschichte einer christlichen Grundidee zu verfassen und ist sein berühmtestes Werk. Für die Abfassung seines historiographischen Werkes besuchte Osorius 413/4 n. Chr. Augustinus in Karthago und im darauffolgenden Jahr 415 Hieronymus in Bethlehem. Der Nordafrikaner Augustinus begann zum gleichen Zeitpunkt seine 'De Civitate Dei', die er von 413 bis 426 schrieb. Orosius übertrug die Ideen des Augustinus (354 - 430) auf seine Geschichtsschreibung. So macht der Prolog offensichtlich, dass Orosius seine Historiae auf 'Befehl' des Augustinus verfasste: "Pauli horosii presbiteri historiographi ... Receptis tuis parui beatissime pater augustie ...". (Orosius, 1471 Historiae). Seine Geschichte umfasst, wie er selbst schreibt, die Zeit von der Erschaffung der Welt bis zu seiner eigenen Zeit. Er hält das Erscheinen Christi als den wesentlichen Einschnitt in der Geschichte. Seine Historiae endet mit der chaotischen Situation auf der Iberischen Halbinsel im Jahre 418 als Folge der babarischen Invasionen. Seine Historiae ist aber vor allem auch eine Apologie, eine Verteidigung des Christentums gegen die Heiden, die im Gegensatz zur zyklische Auffassung der Heiden, das lineare Geschichtsbild (Adam Christi Gericht) der Juden und Christen aufweist. Er selbst glaubt an die Vorsehung, deren Walten darzulegen, Hauptziel des gesamten Werkes ist. Die Quellen, derer sich Orosius bediente, wurde von T. de Morner ermittelt: neben dem Alten und Neuen Testament scheint er vor allem Caesar, Livius, Junianus Justinus, Tacitus, Sueton, Florus und eine Kosmographie herangezogen und zudem großen Wert auf Hieronymus Übersetzung der Kirchengeschichte des Eusebius von Caesarea gelegt zu haben. Die Historiae des Orosius, die hier als Fragment der ersten fünf Bücher in der Editio Princeps vorliegt, erfuhr im Mittelalter eine große Ausbreitung. Nach dem Werk des Paulus Orosius Historiae adversum paganos libri VII gibt es keine andere systematische Auslegung der Weltgeschichte in der Spätantike. Die früheste bekannte Beschäftigung mit der Chronologie begann mit Apollodorus von Athen (180 - 120 v. Chr.) und Kastor von Rhodos (1. Jhd. v. Chr.). Nach 221 n. Chr. wird die erste christliche Weltchronik durch Sextus Julius Africanus veröffentlicht. Es ist eine chronistische Zusammenfassung von Adam bis 217 n. Chr.; wobei die Geburt Christi auf das Jahr 5500 nach der Weltschöpfung festgelegt wird. Eine künftig bestimmende Chronologie der Weltgeschichte führte Eusebios von Kaisareia (260 - 330) mit seiner Chronik ein, die später von Hieronymus (385 - 420) bis 378 n. Chr. fortgesetzt wurde. Die Weltchronik von Eusebius übertrug das weltgeschichtliche Denken des Alten Testamentes in das Mittelalter. Die Plünderung Roms durch die Goten im Jahre 410 forderte eine christliche Antwort auf die Schuldzuweisungen der Heiden" an die Christen heraus. In diesem Zusammenhang enstanden die Bücher "De Civitas Dei" des Augustinus zwischen 413 und 426 und die des Paulus Horosius zwischen 413 - 418 nach Christus (vgl. Jose Miguel Alonso-Nunez, Die Universalgeschichte in der Spätantike und die Westgotische Historiographie, In: Zwischen Historiographie und Hagiographie, Altertumswissenschaftliches Kolloquium, Franz Steiner Verlag 2005). Der Drucker Johann Schüssler, alteingesessener Bürger, Schreiber und Buchbinder zu Augsburg wohnte ab 1464 in seinem Haus in der Weismalergasse. Zunächst arbeitete er für Johannes Mentelin, der seine Offizin in Strassburg hatte. Seine eigene Druckertätigkeit begann er zu Beginn des Jahres 1470. Er stellte zwischen 1470 und 1473 lediglich dreizehn Drucke her und verkaufte dann sein Haus im gleichen Jahr an den Drucker Günther Zainer und seine fünf Druckerpressen an das Kloster St. Ulrich und Afra. Fortan betätigte er sich nur noch als Buchhändler und Buchbinder. (Geldner 1968, Bd. 1 137)

      [Bookseller: Versandantiquariat Christine Laist]
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         Historisch-theoretisch und practische Untersuchung des Instruments der Lauten. Nürnberg, J. F. Rüdiger 1727. 8°. 15 Bll., 218 S., 1 Bl., mit 22 Textholzschnitten u. zahlr. Notenbeispielen (Lautentabulaturen) in Holzschnitt; Titel in Rot u. Schwarz, Ldr. d. Zt. mit Rsch. u. Rverg.

      . . MGG I, 1338 - Hirsch IV, 1471 - Eitner I, 346 - Wolffheim I, 1123 - Grove I, 443 - RISM B VI, 118.- Erste u. einzige Ausgabe des wichtigen und seltenen Quellenwerks.- Hauptwerk des königlich-preußischen Kammermusikus' Friedrich des Großen. Ernst Gottlieb Baron (1696-1760) "war nicht nur ein tüchtiger Praktiker, sondern auch als Schriftsteller einst wohl angesehen und oft citiert" (Eitner).- Die Abbildungen zeigen Lauten und antike Lautenvorläufer und deren Spieler.- Es fehlt, wie so oft, das Porträt des Verfassers.- Vorsätze mit hs. Gekritzel, Titel gereinigt, tls. leicht braunfleckig, zu Beginn etw. wasserfleckig, vereinzelt mit Randläsuren, Ebd. etw. berieben u. mit kl. Wurmspur, Rücken unterlegt.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Johannes Müller]
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         Commentarium in Valerianum Maximum.

      [Straßburg, Adolf Rusch, um 1471].. 371 Bll. (statt 372: ohne das l. w. Bl.; das erste w. Bl. am Vorsatz gegengeklebt). 36-38 Zeilen. Antiqua, Type 1:103R. Blindgepr. Halbschweinslederband der Zeit über Holzdeckeln auf drei Doppelbünden mit späteren goldgepr. Rückenschildchen. Reste einer Schließe (mit hübsch ziseliertem Messingbuckel am Hinterdeckel). Folio (225:306 mm).. Einzige Ausgabe; Variante mit dem fehlerhaften Incipit ("heremitarnm"). Hauptwerk des aus dem toskanischen Borgo San Sepolcro stammenden Augustiner-Eremiten Dionysius de Robertis (um 1280-1342), seit 1340 Bischof von Monopoli in Unteritalien. Der Frühhumanist war Mitglied des Freundschaftsbundes der jüngeren Dichter Boccaccio und Petrarca (letzterem schenkte er sogar eine Handschrift von Augustinus' "Confessiones"). "Als erster Gelehrter interpretierte er seit 1338 an der Universität Neapel klassische Autoren. Von seinen diesbezüglichen Werken ist der von Zeitgenossen und Nachwelt sehr geschätzte Kommentar zu den 'Facta et dicta memorabilia' des Valerius Maximus erhalten geblieben (rund 30 Mss., gedruckt Straßburg um 1470)" (A. Zumkeller, in: LMA III, 1088). 1489 erschien in Augsburg eine verkürzte deutsche Übersetzung des Kommentars. Valerianus Maximus' Sammlung historischer Anekdoten (vor allem aus der römischen Geschichte) diente der rhetorischen Schulung und blieb im ganzen Mittelalter populär. Unser Druck ist ein prachtvolles Beispiel für die erste in Deutschland verwendete Antiqua-Type, die Rusch 1467 eingeführt hatte (vgl. LGB² VI, 424). Der Drucker wird auch als "the R-Printer" bzw. der "Drucker mit dem bizarren R" bezeichnet; erst Karl Dziatzko gelang es, seine Identität festzustellen. - Teils etwas gebräunt bzw. braunfleckig. Zu Beginn und gegen Ende wurmspurig. Nicht rubriziert; jedoch von zeitgenöss. Hand durchgehend am oberen Blattrand recto mit Kapitelüberschriften versehen; teils auch entspr. Maginalien, Randanstreichgungen und Fingerweiser von derselben Hand. Eine zeitgenöss. (fehlerhafte) hs. Paginierung bricht nach Bl. 202 ab. Eine abgebrochene Ecke am Hinterdeckel in neuerer Zeit ersetzt. Die Blindprägung zeigt, zwischen Streicheisenlinien gefaßt, spätgotische Rosetten- und Adlerstempel. Aus der Bibliothek der Mäzenin Dr. Hannah E. Bigelow (Marlborough, Massachusetts); von dieser 1910 der Stadtbibliothek Marlborough übermacht (entspr. Exlibris, Schenkungsvermerke und Stempelungen am vorderen Innendeckel und Vorsatz). - HC 4103* (falsch: "369 ff."). Goff D-242. GW 8411. BSB-Ink D 173. BMC I, 63 (IB 629). Pell 3059. Sheppard 224. Proctor 237. Panzer I, 76. Walsh 74-76. Oates 97. Schweiger II, 1114f. ISTC id00242000.

      [Bookseller: Antiquariat Inlibris, Gilhofer Nfg. GmbH]
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         PORTULAN CGA5C ANCIENT NAUTICAL MAP FROM THE ESTENSE LIBRARY Fine Facsimile Edition of Hand Coloured Map

      Il Bulino. New. Hardcover. ‘Portulans’ are medieval nautical maps, provided with a wealth of geographical coastal names, conceived for being used by seafarers. Due to the fact that they used to be frequently rolled up and constantly consulted aboard, the surviving ‘carte da navigar’ are extremely rare and not always in good condition. Portolano C. G. A.5. C is the most ancient document of Portuguese nautical cartography. Anonymous and trimmed to 60 × 73 cm, it shows the Portuguese discoveries of African coasts after the explorations of Fernando Gomes in 1471-72. The emphasis on Lisbon and Ceuta and all the flags pointing out landing-places on African coasts allowed scholars to date the map between 1472 and 1482. .

      [Bookseller: New Boston Fine and Rare Books]
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         DE BELLO ITALICO ADVERSUS GOTHOS

      Venice: Nicolaus Jenson, 1471. Second Edition. Hardcover. The Broxbourne Copy of a 1471 Jenson Imprint. 279 x 187 mm (11 x 7 3/8"). 64 unnumbered leaves. Single column, 32 lines in an elegant roman type. Second Edition. Handsome 19th century dark brown crushed morocco by Chambolle-Duru (stamp-signed on front turn-in), covers with blind-ruled frame and gilt fleuron cornerpieces as well as large central arabesque, raised bands, spine panels with small gilt floral spray, gilt titling, densely gilt turn-ins, marbled endpapers, all edges gilt (bottom half of front joint perhaps--though not certainly--with some very expert renewal). Opening page with a delicate hand-drawn bistre initial "E" framed in gold showing a deer lying in a meadow with the Italian countryside spreading in the background, in the style of the schools of Antonio Pisanello and Perugino; and with a hand-colored escutcheon featuring a black tower in the tail-edge margin. Front pastedown with armorial bookplate and rear flyleaf with monogram stamp of Albert Ehrman (see below). Goff B-1235; BMC V, 170. Presumably washed to comply with the fashion among 19th century bibliophiles, with the leaves a shade less than bright and the type in a few places not as strong as it once was (the coat of arms on the first page a bit washed out, but the delicate initial entirely unaffected), covers with a bit of white residue from leather preservative, otherwise A SPLENDID COPY in a fine binding, the leaves with plenty of freshness, the text completely clean (there was no apparent soil to be washed away), and with especially ample margins. This superb early incunable was produced through the efforts of two great humanists--writer and historian Leonardo Bruni (1369-1444) and printer and type designer Nicolaus Jenson (1420-80)--and owned in the 20th century by one of Britain's greatest collectors. Chancellor of Florence and author of the famous "History of the Florentine Republic," Leonardo Bruni (1369-1444, called "Aretino" from his native Arezzo), was a leading humanist of the early Renaissance. He was inspired by the fame of his fellow Aretine Petrarch to devote himself to classical studies, and is credited with coining the phrase "studia humanitatis," from which the terms "humanist" and "humanities" come. He wrote in a much-admired beautiful classical Latin style, and he influenced the way history was conceived of and written by focusing on three periods, the ancient world, the dark ages, and the "modern" world. Written in 1441, "Bello Italico" was the last of his works of history and is perhaps the most poignant. Composed late in the author's life and reflecting his growing pessimism, the work focuses on the end of the classical world, featuring the gothic invasion of Italy and Justinian's effort to free Italy from the invaders' rule. Born a Frenchman near Troyes, Jenson (1420-80) is known to have set up shop in Venice in 1470, and during a decade of labor, he probably issued in excess of 100 works. He is best known today for his perfecting of the roman typeface, something that he used early in his career, something on display to great effect in the present work, and something that inspired the printers of many later generations, including those at work in the Arts and Crafts movement at the end of the 19th century. William Morris and Emery Walker considered that "he carried the development of Roman type as far as it can go," and Walker's elegant Doves type was clearly influenced by Jenson. According to D. B. Updike, "no other man [in Renaissance Italy] produced quite so fine a font, or had better taste in the composition of a page and its imposition upon paper." Unsurprisingly, this copy comes from a fine modern home, the celebrated Broxbourne library of Albert Ehrman (1890-1969), a diamond merchant who gathered a very distinguished collection of books at his home at Broxbourne in Hertfordshire. An author of learned articles on fine bindings and the history of printing, he spent half a century collecting incunabula and early bindings (as well as early type specimens and bibliographies). Nixon's book on "Broxbourne Library Styles and Designs of Bookbindings" is an invaluable reference work, and the Sotheby's catalogue of the sales of Broxbourne books in 1977-78 contained no fewer than 698 incunables from 243 towns. The present book is scarce on the market, ABPC recording three other copies at auction since 1975.

      [Bookseller: Phillip J. Pirages Fine Books and Mediev]
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         Speculum Vitae Humanae

      128 leaves. 36 lines, gothic letter, first initial supplied in blue with red penwork extension, other initials supplied in red, paragraph marks in red. Small folio (306 x 210 mm.), crushed russia (joints very carefully repaired, one unimportant wormhole in lower margin), sides decorated with foliate tools at the corners of two shaped two-line panels, gilt & blind borders, spine in compartments decorated with leaf-tools, a.e.g. by Charles Hering with his ticket, John Rylands monogram added to upper over. Augsburg: Günther Zainer, 11 Jan. 1471. Second edition. This is a fine specimen of one of the earlier books from the press of Zainer, the first printer at Augsburg. The round and heavy gothic type, one of the handsomest of all 15th-century gothic fonts, was used for the first time in this book. Of this copy, Dibdin wrote "This large and beautiful copy, once in the Eichstadt, and afterwards in the Augsbourg, collection (in which later it became a duplicate), is neatly bound in russia by Hering" (Aedes Althorpianae, II, p. 255). The text was first printed in Rome in 1468 by Sweynheym and Pannartz and was frequently reprinted in the 15th century. Sanchez (1404-70), the learned Spanish bishop of Zamora, was a noted jurist and diplomat who spent many years at Rome as ambassador to the papal court. In this enormously popular treatise, Sanchez deals with the various arts, trades, and professions with their special dangers or disadvantages, their social usefulness, etc. He discusses the professions ranging from navigation to sheep herding, from the papacy to soldiering, from the theater to hunting. He also discusses the professions dealing with medicine, mathematics, astronomy, music, the Church in general, law, etc. His main point seems to be that, since every profession has its good and bad sides, one should be content with one's own. The work is an extraordinary and perceptive examination of the social structure of the time. Provenance: library of the Prince Bishop at Eichstädt with note of ownership on title; George John, Earl Spencer. A fine and tall copy with several lower edges partially uncut. Preserved in a black morocco-backed box. ❧Goff R-215. Klebs 857.3 (857.2 is a ghost). .

      [Bookseller: Jonathan A. Hill, Bookseller, Inc.]
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        DE BELLO ITALICO ADVERSUS GOTHOS

      Nicolaus Jenson Venice: Nicolaus Jenson, 1471. Second Edition. Hardcover. The Broxbourne Copy of a 1471 Jenson Imprint. 279 x 187 mm (11 x 7 3/8"). 64 unnumbered leaves. Single column, 32 lines in an elegant roman type. Second Edition. Handsome 19th century dark brown crushed morocco by Chambolle-Duru (stamp-signed on front turn-in), covers with blind-ruled frame and gilt fleuron cornerpieces as well as large central arabesque, raised bands, spine panels with small gilt floral spray, gilt titling, densely gilt turn-ins, marbled endpapers, all edges gilt (bottom half of front joint perhaps--though not certainly--with some very expert renewal). Opening page with a delicate hand-drawn bistre initial "E" framed in gold showing a deer lying in a meadow with the Italian countryside spreading in the background, in the style of the schools of Antonio Pisanello and Perugino; and with a hand-colored escutcheon featuring a black tower in the tail-edge margin. Front pastedown with armorial bookplate and rear flyleaf with monogram stamp of Albert Ehrman (see below). Goff B-1235; BMC V, 170. Presumably washed to comply with the fashion among 19th century bibliophiles, with the leaves a shade less than bright and the type in a few places not as strong as it once was (the coat of arms on the first page a bit washed out, but the delicate initial entirely unaffected), covers with a bit of white residue from leather preservative, otherwise A SPLENDID COPY in a fine binding, the leaves with plenty of freshness, the text completely clean (there was no apparent soil to be washed away), and with especially ample margins. This superb early incunable was produced through the efforts of two great humanists--writer and historian Leonardo Bruni (1369-1444) and printer and type designer Nicolaus Jenson (1420-80)--and owned in the 20th century by one of Britain's greatest collectors. Chancellor of Florence and author of the famous "History of the Florentine Republic," Leonardo Bruni (1369-1444, called "Aretino" from his native Arezzo), was a leading humanist of the early Renaissance. He was inspired by the fame of his fellow Aretine Petrarch to devote himself to classical studies, and is credited with coining the phrase "studia humanitatis," from which the terms "humanist" and "humanities" come. He wrote in a much-admired beautiful classical Latin style, and he influenced the way history was conceived of and written by focusing on three periods, the ancient world, the dark ages, and the "modern" world. Written in 1441, "Bello Italico" was the last of his works of history and is perhaps the most poignant. Composed late in the author's life and reflecting his growing pessimism, the work focuses on the end of the classical world, featuring the gothic invasion of Italy and Justinian's effort to free Italy from the invaders' rule. Born a Frenchman near Troyes, Jenson (1420-80) is known to have set up shop in Venice in 1470, and during a decade of labor, he probably issued in excess of 100 works. He is best known today for his perfecting of the roman typeface, something that he used early in his career, something on display to great effect in the present work, and something that inspired the printers of many later generations, including those at work in the Arts and Crafts movement at the end of the 19th century. William Morris and Emery Walker considered that "he carried the development of Roman type as far as it can go," and Walker's elegant Doves type was clearly influenced by Jenson. According to D. B. Updike, "no other man [in Renaissance Italy] produced quite so fine a font, or had better taste in the composition of a page and its imposition upon paper." Unsurprisingly, this copy comes from a fine modern home, the celebrated Broxbourne library of Albert Ehrman (1890-1969), a diamond merchant who gathered a very distinguished collection of books at his home at Broxbourne in Hertfordshire. An author of learned articles on fine bindings and the history of printing, he spent half a century collecting incunabula and early bindings (as well as early type specimens and bibliographies). Nixon's book on "Broxbourne Library Styles and Designs of Bookbindings" is an invaluable reference work, and the Sotheby's catalogue of the sales of Broxbourne books in 1977-78 contained no fewer than 698 incunables from 243 towns. The present book is scarce on the market, ABPC recording three other copies at auction since 1975.

      [Bookseller: Phillip J. Pirages Fine Books and Mediev]
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